The American Waltham Watch Company had its beginnings in 1850 in Roxbury, Massachusetts.
The company was founded by David Davis, Aaron Dennison, and Edward Howard.
After a year of designing and building the lathes and machines to achieve seemingly impossible levels of precision, a team of watchmakers and mechanical engineers produced their first pocket watch movement, named for mayor “B. Raymond.” The watch was exquisite: Elgin National Watch Company was born.
By 1910, word of Elgin’s obsession with precision had spread around the world.
The company was exploring innovative new ideas in watch manufacturing, such as using jewels, making enamel dials, and producing plates with a high-level of finish which required extensive tooling and resulted in a great financial burden.
Details of the type of watch may also be provided although there are some errors largely due to mixed production runs (e.g.Those three date ranges are differentiated by the presence or absence of certain case and movement markings as well as the nature of any such markings, as explained below.In general, for all time periods, it is important to understand that Bulova watches never provide an obvious date of manufacture anywhere on the watch.Their vision was to form a watch company that could produce high-quality watches at a lower cost using interchangeable parts.With financial backing from Samuel Curtis, of small-arms manufacturing fame, the watch production began in 1851, and the first small group of watches were finished in late 1852.Elgin engineers built their own Observatory to maintain scientifically precise times in their watches.