Throughout our history, most civilizations have either met a slow demise or were wiped out by natural disasters or invasion.But there are a few societies whose disappearance has scholars truly stumped: One of the first Mesoamerican societies, the Olmec inhabited the tropical lowlands of south-central Mexico.Greece is considered the cradle of Western civilization, being the birthplace of democracy, Western philosophy, the Olympic Games, Western literature, historiography, political science, major scientific and mathematical principles, and Western drama.From the eighth century BC, the Greeks were organised into various independent city-states, known as polis, which spanned the entire Mediterranean region and the Black Sea.Through comparative linguistics it is possible to reconstruct the vocabulary found in the proto-language, and in this way achieve knowledge of the cultural, technological and ecological context that the speakers inhabited.Such a context can then be compared with archeological evidence.Greece is strategically located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa.
The Proto-Indo-European homeland (or Indo-European homeland) is the prehistoric urheimat of the Indo-European languages—the region where their reconstructed common ancestor, the Proto-Indo-European language (PIE), was originally spoken.
Greece consists of nine geographic regions: Macedonia, Central Greece, the Peloponnese, Thessaly, Epirus, the Aegean Islands (including the Dodecanese and Cyclades), Thrace, Crete, and the Ionian Islands.
The Aegean Sea lies to the east of the mainland, the Ionian Sea to the west, the Cretan Sea and the Mediterranean Sea to the south.
From this region subgroups of speakers migrated and went on to form the proto-communities of the different branches of the language family.
The majority of Indo-European specialists support the Kurgan hypothesis, and the homeland of Proto-Indo-European proper in the Balkans around 5000 BC.
The Olmec civilization relied heavily on trade, both between different Olmec regions and with other Mesoamerican societies.